About trees & olive oil
Olive Press "Magganos"
A press system made of iron, where the auger ends to a flat, square piece of iron, the so-called "tavli" in Greek, which was pressed against the "tsourapes" (special bags made of goat hair, where the olive pulp was put after the crushing).
Then, the liquids, water and oil, after passing through a special pan, the "lichnos" as it was called in Greek, were discharged in basins, where the separation of the oil from the water was carried out using the simple method of gravity (oil is lighter than water).
Note: The wooden piece, approx. 2 m in length, which drives the press, is usually made of wild olive tree or yew tree wood and is called "crank".
The "crank" was operated directly by the workers or through the capstan ("adraktos" in Greek) or the winch-hoist ("maggani" in Greek).
At the lower part of the photo, you can see the "palamistis" or "tasi" as it is called in Greek, i.e. a specially shaped flask used for the transport of oil to the final storing vessels.