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About Olive trees & Olive oil
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» The prehistoric olive mills
» Harvesting olive fruit
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» Olive oil for body care
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Olive trees play an important role in Greece's social and economic life as they are trees that can be fully utilized. Olive tree wood is used as fuel, raw material for the manufacturing of various articles and tools and a fundamental component of wood supports, roofs, floors and doors

Olive Tree & Olive Oil

Olive Oil Types of olives
The olive tree is a perennial, evergreen tree, with its height ranging from 5 to 20 meters. 30 olive varieties have been recorded in all 5 continents where olive trees are found. However, olive trees mostly grow in the temperate and subtropical zones where conditions are more favorable for them. In our country, olive trees blossom from late April to May. There are several olive varieties and the distinction is made based on olive leaves, fruit and stones. 'Koroneiki' variety is used in olive oil production whereas 'Kalamon' is preserved as edible. Finally, 'koutsourelia' is used in olive oil production and can also be preserved as edible.

Olive cultivation
Olive trees can be planted from November to February and they need regular watering in order for the tree to yield as much fruit as possible.

Olive harvesting
As soon as the olive fruit is mature, it must be harvested. The primary characteristic that distinguishes immature fruit from mature fruit is their color that turns from green to black. Factors that affect maturation time are the olive variety, the intended use of the fruit as well as a combination of the soil and climate conditions.

The Museum | Gallery | Olive Tree & Olive Oil | The Symbol | Location & Contact
Eggares Village, 84300 Naxos Island, Cyclades Islands, Greece
Tel: (+30) 22850 62021 - Fax: (+30) 22850 22000 - Mob: (+30) 6973 054 801
Web: www.olivemuseum.com - Email: info@olivemuseum.com